The significance of learning in behavior varies from species to species and is closely linked to processes of communication. Only human beings are capable of elaborate symbolic communication and of structuring their behavior in terms of abstract preferences that we have called values. Norms are the means through which values are expressed in behavior.
Full Answer Culture Culture is a set of rules, symbols and traditions that shape a specific group. They are enacted by that group as thoughts, feelings and behaviors. Culture is passed to new generations and might include both non-physical factors, such as beliefs and habits, and physical factors, such as artifacts and art.
Culture is used to distinguish societies from each other. Language is an element of culture. Values are a part of culture. Norms are behaviors and concepts that are typically abstract and general. They are used to set the standards or rules for social interaction and behavior.
Social Structure Social structure looks at the pattern within organizations and cultures through which social action happens. This includes arrangements of organizations, institutions and roles, and cultural symbols. Over time, all of these remain stable, and if they do progress or change, they do so mostly invisibly.
Structure both constrains and enables what a group of people are able to do in their social life. Social Inequality This concept explores the socioeconomic division of people in a society. Social stratification is an element of this, and it essentially divides people into strata or layers.
The stratification might be in the form of property, cultural products, wealth and access to material goods. Race is another element of social inequality. Ethnicity is also explored since people might be separated based on their specific ethnicity, or elements of it, such as their history, language, religion or ancestry.
Society Society is a concept created by humans. Every person lives in a society and when explored closely, all societies throughout the world have their own unique traits.
Those within a society create their own interactions, and these interactions work to essentially mold the society a person is part of. Social Organization This concept refers to the parts that make up a society an their respective arrangement.
It also explores the distribution of people in social positions, as well as the organization of those social positions.
Status is part of this withsocially defined niches. For example, the social organization in a school would be students, teachers and then administration. Every status has various expected behaviors and this is referred to as the role, which defines how a person is supposed to feel and think.
How society expects others to treat them also falls under this umbrella. Group is another element of social organization. This is two or more people who will interact on a regular basis while sharing the same feelings concerning how others should behave.Basic Concepts & Terms of Sociology The basic premise of sociology is that human behavior is largely shaped by the groups to which people belong and by the .
Mathematical sociology aims to take sociological theory, which is strong in intuitive content but weak from a formal point of view, and to express it in formal terms. The benefits of this approach include increased clarity and the ability to use mathematics to derive implications of a .
A Level Sociology Key Terms – Families and Households Posted on May 5, by Karl Thompson A selected list of some of the most important key terms in AS Level and A Level Sociology . The main concepts of sociology include society, culture, social organization, social structure and inequality.
Sociology seeks to learn about the structure, functioning and development of human society. Culture is a set of rules, symbols and traditions that shape a specific group. They are enacted. Social Norms. Social norms grow out of social value and both serve to differentiate human social behavior from that of other species.
The significance of learning in behavior varies from species to species and is closely linked to processes of communication. A Brief List of Sociological Concepts and Terms An internship facilitates the transition from student to professional through explicit applications of.