Despite the vast wealth created by petroleum, the benefits have been slow to trickle down to the majority of the population, who since the s have increasingly been forced to abandon their traditional agricultural practices. Annual production of both cash and food crops dropped significantly in the later decades of 20th century. The population density is also among the highest in the world, with people per square kilometre, according to the Niger Delta Development Commission.
Research papers Tagged With: The instability continued from the s until recently even though there are major changes in the government structure. The area surrounding the Delta is now heavily militarized by the Nigerian army and police forces, and numerous armed groups belonging to the ethnic groups Barrett.
Government atrocities with civilian as victims are also recorded in the area. One of the most conflicted areas in the Delta is Oganiland. Located in the southeast of the Niger Delta, Oganiland is a region comprising squale-mile of the area. Shell and Chevron set up their exploration and drilling facilities in the area upon the discovery of oil deposits in During the exploration of the two largest foreign oil companies, government authorities and agents forced residents of the area to leave.
This government-initiated forced evacuation on the area affected almost half a million ethnic minorities belonging to the group Ogonis and other ethnic groups Agbu. Since individuals interact with issues emphasized in Interest groups opposing the government policy of free trade can stage demonstrations in They also attest that the government and the foreign oil companies did not conduct any consultation with them and offer any damages.
Despite the strong opposition from the affected minorities, the federal government supported the atrocities by amending the Constitution that the government has the full ownership on all lands within Nigeria and compensation will be based on the crops and products located in the land during the taking and not the actual value of the land.
A Country Case Study. In the s, the situation of Oganiland and the Oganis deteriorated economically, socially, politically and environmentally. It became the main organization campaigning for various issues of the Oganis, primarily ethnic and environmental rights.
The Niger Delta region usually refers to the nine oil producing states in Nigeria which are Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Imo, Ondo and Rivers States. The region contains the world’s third largest wetland, with the most extensive freshwater swamp forest and rich biological diversity. Student essay fails essay of african nationalism south write a narrative essay on a place of interest i visited your grave. Nurka pranjic research papers tu berlin dissertationen opus x, gladwell essay small change crossword lecture on descriptive essay writing. The leading humanitarian information source on global crises and disasters. Reliable and timely information from trusted sources.
Mass actions and protests started to occur in a daily basis in Oganiland that resulted the banning of public assembly by the government. It also pronounced as acts of treason any disturbances of oil production and related activities in the area.
Militarization and repression rose in where in four village chiefs were murdered. Hundreds were also arbitrarily arrested and detained because of the killings. By June of the same year, there were almost 30 villages totally ruined, almost 2, deaths and leaving nearlyOganis as internal refugees Human Rights Watch.
Government by the People: National, State, and Local 21st. Companies, such as IBM and General Motors have given the national government firm grounds in business Turning outdated companies into the companies of the future. The introduction of the In Saro-Wira with other eight Ogani activist were arrested and sentenced to death.
They are executed though hanging by the Nigerian government. The deaths of Saro-Wira and his companions enraged the people of Oganiland that resulted to more disruptive and violent actions against the oil companies.
The militancy of the Oganis inspired other ethic groups to start their own struggle against the government and the foreign oil companies Olusakin.
These two groups raise the political consciousness and militancy of the Ijaw people. They started to lay down their demands against the irresponsive central Nigerian government and to the foreign oil companies. They are asserting that these companies should have direct and concrete plans to uplift the lives of the people in the Niger Delta Obi.
Although these groups were formed because of the continuous environmental degradation, government neglect and social and political unrest in the area, they are now in conflict on varying ideologies and forms of actions Obi. They reached their international reputation when they hijacked oil tankers crossing through the country and nearby countries.
They arbitrarily detained workers in the tankers for months and demanding for ransom for their release. Last year, they attacked various oil installations and facilities of oil company Shell that resulted to oil price increase. They also attacked a facility of Chevron, forcing the company to halt operations in the region for that year Obi.
The act stated that the region could potentially be drilled into with government permission. This act was the first in While crude oil prices have risen considerably the past few years Inthe central government called the National Political reform Conference.
Representatives of the Niger Delta raised various concerns on the development of the region.Conflict in the Niger Delta Essay Sample.
Gas Flaring Flaring of gas is another environmental challenge experienced in the Niger Delta area. Gas has been flared in Nigeria’s Niger Delta since the beginning of exploitation and exploration of crude oil in the s. The Niger Delta region usually refers to the nine oil producing states in Nigeria which are Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Imo, Ondo and Rivers States.
The region contains the world’s third largest wetland, with the most extensive freshwater swamp forest and rich biological diversity.
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The conflict happening in the Niger Delta stated in The tensions involve foreign oil corporation and members of some Niger Delta’s minority ethnic groups, particularly the Ogoni and the Ijaw. The instability continued from the s until recently even though there . Edward Azar’s Theory and Niger-Delta Conflict • Introduction: The following research paper will focus on the contemporary Niger-Delta conflict in Nigeria; however this conflict will be described and explained through Mr.
Edward Azar theory, Protracted Social Conflict.