Environmental benefits and challenges of urbanization essay

Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times. Students survey the evolution of African American expressive culture in music, literature, film, art, and dance.

Environmental benefits and challenges of urbanization essay

World Population Awareness Why Population Matters Having one fewer child is the most effective way an individual would have to fight climate change. The next best actions are selling your car, avoiding long flights, and eating a vegetarian diet, according to a study published in Environmental Research Letters.

These four actions reduce emissions many times more than things like recycling, using low energy light bulbs or drying washing on a line.

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Carbon emissions must fall to two tons of CO2 per person by to avoid severe global warming, but in the US and Australia emissions are currently 16 tons per person and in the UK seven tons.

Having one fewer child equates to a reduction of 58 tons of CO2 for each year of a parent's life. Getting rid of a car saved 2. The figure was calculated by totaling up the emissions of the child and all their descendants, then dividing this total by the parent's lifespan.

But we can't ignore the climate effect our lifestyle actually has," said Nicholas. Like a doctor who sees the patient is in poor health and might not like the message 'smoking is bad for you', we are forced to confront the fact that current emission levels are really bad for the planet and human society.

The savings from switching to an electric car depend on how green electricity generation is, meaning big savings can be made in Australia but the savings in Belgium are six times lower. Switching your home energy supplier to a green energy company also varied, depending on whether the green energy displaces fossil fuel energy or not.

Nicholas said the low-impact actions, such as recycling, were still worth doing: But they are more of a beginning than an end. They are certainly not sufficient to tackle the scale of the climate challenge that we face.

But in some ways it will just reinforce the suspicion of the political right that the threat of climate change is simply a cover for reducing people's freedom to live as they want.

Emissions reduction needs to start now. Have Fewer Children July 12,Guardian From data covering up tothe latest United Nation's World Population Prospects report shows that Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania are among the 33 countries whose population is projected to increase at least five-fold by The growing population will exacerbate problems of ill health, poverty, environmental degradation, unemployment and declining agricultural productivity.

Africa's population is currently estimated to be 1. This requires re-alignment of policies, processes and systems and sharing of resources for coordinated actions.

Changing human habitation patterns, overgrazing, bio piracy, deforestation, pollution, unsustainable exploitation of natural resources and introduction of invasive as well as alien species are some of the changing environmental characteristics that are associated with extremely negative impacts of climate change.

United Nations Environment Programme Unep executive director Christopher Cox says heavy metals deposits discharged from industries into water bodies including Lake Victoria pose a health hazards to the populace who consume contaminated fish. Experts also warned that huge chunks of forest cover have been transformed into farms leaving most land in the region bare.

Poor farming methods lead to the deposition of nitrogen and phosphate fertilisers into the waters, one reason which has been blamed for the mushrooming of hyacinth and decline of fish in Lake Victoria.

The EAC, once endowed with natural resources, now struggles to sustain water supply, food security and agricultural productivity.

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Other than health, tourism and livestock production are also threatened, risking sources livelihoods. Depletion of natural resources is to blame for poor health indicators and high levels of poverty, which is further compounded by the high dependent population ratio.

The average life expectancy at birth is 57 years for the region. Diseases such as tuberculosis malaria, typhoid and bilharzia are widespread while malnutrition is rife among children.

Environmental benefits and challenges of urbanization essay

Access to healthcare services is hampered by inadequate and inaccessible medical facilities. A large number of children in East Africa often die due to starvation, malnutrition, diarrheal diseases and flooding, according to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report.

Nutritional status is still a big challenge with prevalence of low birth weight being a leading cause of neonatal mortality. This is as high as 7. Moderate to severe stunting is highest in Burundi at The effects of climate change are already being felt by people in East Africa.

In Kenya the ongoing drought has been declared a national disaster.South Africa Ethekweni Municipality Environmental Health office (North 5), Phoenix, Kwazulu Natal, Durban, South Africa. On the 26th September , the Ethekweni Municipality Environmental Health office (North 5) from Phoenix, Kwazulu Natal, Durban, South Africa celebrated World Environmental Health Day at Ebenezer Creche in Parkgate.

Environmental Ethics Of Environmental Management - At present, it has formed an environmental protection law system by the state constitution, the Basic Law of environmental protection, environmental protection and other sectors separate regulations on environmental protection laws and other legal norms thereof.

Jun 01,  · Published: Thu, 01 Jun We could never choose the place we born but we could always dream the place we live which a place that we all are aspire to.

As the reason, “Newsweek” a second largest news weekly magazine in America has study a special issue for the purpose of the best countries in the world to fulfill the need of the world audience (Wikipedia, ). OK. This website uses cookies More info.

Cookie Consent plugin for the EU cookie law. Benefits of Urbanization Access to Education More Medical Services Less Traffic More Job Availability Challenges of Urbanization More Unemployment More Pollution Destruction of Habitats Poverty Less Housing Population size Polupation size changes rapidly with urbanization Urbanization makes places more or less crowded Explain %(12).

Environmental Challenges of Urbanization (Continued) Water problem- due to overpopulation, access to clean and potable water is very difficult. Water supply is short and in some cities, water has transcended into a commodity.

Environmental impact of the petroleum industry - Wikipedia