Management information system and users

Automation A management information system MIS is a computerized database of financial information organized and programmed in such a way that it produces regular reports on operations for every level of management in a company. It is usually also possible to obtain special reports from the system easily. The main purpose of the MIS is to give managers feedback about their own performance; top management can monitor the company as a whole. Information displayed by the MIS typically shows "actual" data over against "planned" results and results from a year before; thus it measures progress against goals.

Management information system and users

Bourgeois Learning Objectives Upon successful completion of this chapter, you will be able to: Introduction In the opening chapters of this text, we focused on the technology behind information systems: In the last chapter, we discussed business processes and the key role they can play in the success of a business.

In this chapter, we will be discussing the last component of an information system: People are involved in information systems in just about every way you can think of: The Creators of Information Systems The first group of people we are going to look at play a role in designing, developing, and building information systems.

These people are generally very technical and have a background in programming and mathematics. We will be looking at the process of creating information systems in more detail in chapter This individual will work with a person, team, or department with business requirements and identify the specific details of a system that needs to be built.

Generally, this will require the analyst to have a good understanding of the business itselfthe business processes involved, and the ability to document them well. The analyst will identify the different stakeholders in the system and work to involve the appropriate individuals in the process.

Once the requirements are determined, the analyst will begin the process of translating these requirements into an information-systems design. Once the solution is selected, the analyst will create a detailed document describing the new system.

This new document will require that the analyst understand how to speak in the technical language of systems developers. A systems analyst generally is not the one who does the actual development of the information system.

The design document created by the systems analyst provides the detail needed to create the system and is handed off to a programmer or team of programmers to do the actual creation of the system. In some cases, however, a systems analyst may go ahead and create the system that he or she designed.

This person is sometimes referred to as a programmer-analyst. In other cases, the system may be assembled from off-the-shelf components by a person called a systems integrator. This is a specific type of systems analyst that understands how to get different software packages to work with each other.

To become a systems analyst, you should have a background both in the business and in systems design. Programmer Programmers spend their time writing computer code in a programming language. In the case of systems development, programmers generally attempt to fulfill the design specifications given to them by a systems analyst.

Many different styles of programming exist: A programmer needs to be able to understand complex processes and also the intricacies of one or more programming languages. Generally, a programmer is very proficient in mathematics, as mathematical concepts underlie most programming code.

Computer Engineer Computer engineers design the computing devices that we use every day. There are many types of computer engineers, who work on a variety of different types of devices and systems.

Some of the more prominent engineering jobs are as follows: A hardware engineer designs hardware components, such as microprocessors. Many times, a hardware engineer is at the cutting edge of computing technology, creating something brand new.

Software engineers do not actually design devices; instead, they create new programming languages and operating systems, working at the lowest levels of the hardware to develop new kinds of software to run on the hardware. A systems engineer takes the components designed by other engineers and makes them all work together.

For example, to build a computer, the mother board, processor, memory, and hard disk all have to work together. There are many different types of computer engineers, and often the job descriptions overlap. In the US, each state has its own set of requirements for the use of this title, as do different countries around the world.

Most often, it involves a professional licensing exam. Information-Systems Operations and Administration Another group of information-systems professionals are involved in the day-to-day operations and administration of IT. These people must keep the systems running and up-to-date so that the rest of the organization can make the most effective use of these resources.

Computer Operator A computer operator is the person who keeps the large computers running.Information systems hardware is the part of an information system you can touch – the physical components of the technology.

Computers, keyboards, disk drives, iPads, and flash drives are all examples of information systems hardware. The PMIS Users Guide (Guide) is intended to be a practical ‘toolkit’ for new and experienced HHS Personal Property and Equipment (PP&E) managers and other HHS employees with responsibility for PP&E acquired and used by their OPDIV, STAFFDIV, facility, unit or office.

A management information system (MIS) is a set of systems and procedures that gather data from a range of sources, compile it and present it in a readable format. Managers use an MIS to create. A management information system (MIS) is an information system used for decision-making, and for the coordination, control, analysis, and visualization of information in an organization; especially in .

MIS (management information systems) is the department controlling hardware and software systems used for business-critical decision-making within an enterprise. These systems were business-critical, meaning a business would fail if it had to go back to manual accounting. If MIS failed, the business.

Management Information System According to Comptroller’s Handbook May, Management Information System: is defined to be a system or process that provides information necessary to manage an organization effectively.5/5(4).

Management information system and users
What Is Management Information Systems – And It’s Use in Decision Making? - Use of Technology