The two legal systems that people belong to in the united states

Shamash the Babylonian sun god hands King Hammurabi a code of law The central source of law that is recognized as authoritative is codifications in a constitution or statute passed by legislatureto amend a code.

The two legal systems that people belong to in the united states

Understanding the Federal Courts

The criminal justice system is the set of agencies and processes established by governments to control crime and impose penalties on those who violate laws.

There is no single criminal justice system in the United States but rather many similar, individual systems. How the criminal justice system works in each area depends on the jurisdiction that is in charge: Different jurisdictions have different laws, agencies, and ways of managing criminal justice processes.

State criminal justice systems handle crimes committed within their state boundaries. The federal criminal justice system handles crimes committed on federal property or in more than one state.

The two legal systems that people belong to in the united states

System Components Most criminal justice systems have five components-law enforcement, prosecution, defense attorneys, courts, and corrections, each playing a key role in the criminal justice process. Law enforcement officers take reports for crimes that happen in their areas.


Officers investigate crimes and gather and protect evidence. Law enforcement officers may arrest offenders, give testimony during the court process, and conduct follow-up investigations if needed.

Prosecutors are lawyers who represent the state or federal government not the victim throughout the court process-from the first appearance of the accused in court until the accused is acquitted or sentenced.

Prosecutors review the evidence brought to them by law enforcement to decide whether to file charges or drop the case. Prosecutors present evidence in court, question witnesses, and decide at any point after charges have been filed whether to negotiate plea bargains with defendants.

They have great discretion, or freedom, to make choices about how to prosecute the case. Victims may contact the prosecutor's office to find out which prosecutor is in charge of their case, to inform the prosecutor if the defense attorney has contacted the victim 2and to seek other information about the case.

What Is It?

Defense attorneys defend the accused against the government's case. They are ether hired by the defendant or for defendants who cannot afford an attorney they are assigned by the court.

While the prosecutor represents the state, the defense attorney represents the defendant. Courts are run by judges, whose role is to make sure the law is followed and oversee what happens in court. They decide whether to release offenders before the trial. Judges accept or reject plea agreements, oversee trials, and sentence convicted offenders.

Correction officers supervise convicted offenders when they are in jail, in prison, or in the community on probation or parole. In some communities, corrections officers prepare pre-sentencing reports with extensive background information about the offender to help judges decide sentences.

The job of corrections officers is to make sure the facilities that hold offenders are secure and safe. They oversee the day-to-day custody of inmates. They also oversee the release processes for inmates and sometimes notify victims of changes in the offender's status.

How the Criminal Justice Process Works Below is a basic outline of the sequence of events in the criminal justice process, beginning when the crime is reported or observed.

The process may vary according to the jurisdiction, the seriousness of the crime felony or misdemeanor3 whether the accused is a juvenile or an adult, and other factors.

Not every case will include all these steps, and not all cases directly follow this sequence. Many crimes are never prosecuted because they are not reported, because no suspects can be identified, or because the available evidence is not adequate for the prosecutor to build a case.

Entry into the System Report:Overview. Federalism is a system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of government. Generally, an overarching national government is responsible for broader governance of larger territorial areas, while the smaller subdivisions, states, and .

The Federal Government of the United States (U.S. Federal Government) is the national government of the United States, a federal republic in North America, composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and several island initiativeblog.comng document: United States Constitution.

Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a national (federal) government and various state governments.

In the United States, the U.S. Constitution gives certain powers to the federal government, other powers to the state governments, and yet other powers to both.

Chapter 2 The Legal System in the United States. Because of federalism, the United States has one federal legal system, and each state has its own state legal system. Thus in the United States, a plethora of legal systems all operate harmoniously at the same time.

Every state has two court systems: the federal court system, which is . The U.S. Legal System. STUDY. PLAY. laws passed by Congress, and treaties of the United States shall be the "supreme Law of the Land" The case involved the right of a state legislature to award a monopoly to operate a steamship line for travel between two states, New York and New Jersey.

The Supreme Court struck down the state law. TIL That the two largest air forces in the world both belong to the United States 1.

USAF 2. US Navy An Ohio class nuclear submarine is the 3rd largest nuclear arsenal in the world. After the United States itself and Russia. And the extra two to help overwhelm/surprise the missile defense system for tactical reasons. That being said.

United States Government/The Three Branches - Wikibooks, open books for an open world